Minnesota Probate | Domicile, Residency, and Ancillary Administrations

Minnesota Living TrustIn this article, I wanted to discuss the legal doctrines of jurisdiction and where a probate should be submitted to court in Minnesota.  There was recently an article about Minnesota tax law as it applies to this issue.

Residency and Domicile in a Minnesota Probate

In Minnesota, when a person passes away, their estate needs to be probated in the county where they resided.

The justification for probating in the county where the person resided is that they will have likely paid taxes on their home, on vehicles, and participated in the day-to-day operations of life in the county.

The legal word “domicile” is complicated but it can be boiled down to where a person intended to stay and live.  As stated above, this can become complicated when a person may have a home in Minnesota but that person may spend a significant amount of time in Florida, Arizona, Texas, or some other state with much warmer weather the Minnesota in the winter. This creates complications associated with tax liability as Minnesota has a high personal income tax as a state.

Furthermore, at times, the deceased person may have had a cabin or other property in Minnesota.

Although the person may have had a cabin or other property, the laws of domicile and residency still provide that the person this day should be probated in the county in which they resided permanently. Again, this can create confusion people tend to move around a fair amount when they retire. If you have questions about the meaning of domicile and residency, a Minnesota probate attorney should be consulted.

As stated above, once a proper county court is chosen, the executor or personal representative of the estate needs to properly petition the court for a probate administration. I have previously written articles on what needs to be contained in a petition for a new probate.

Ancillary Administrations and Minnesota Probate Law

In addition to the discussion above about domicile and residency, the questions of ancillary probate administration comes into play.  This is because a deceased Minnesota resident may have a home in a different state – for instance, Florida.

If the deceased person owned a home in Florida, then the title to the property will need to be transferred from Florida to the person’s estate in Minnesota.  Again, this is because Minnesota law wants to control a person’s estate.

In this instance, an attorney in who is licensed to practice law in Florida should be consulted because a separate, “ancilllary”  probate will need to be conducted.  This is an extra expense but it is a necessary expense.

Further information about ancillary probate and residency

Contact the Flanders Law Firm LLC or attorney Joseph M. Flanders, a Dakota County Minnesota probate law firm, for more information about ancillary probates, domicile, and the meaning of residency as it applies to Minnesota law.  Telephone: 612-424-0398.

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